Kersa Catchment Area

Submitted by bjibendi on Sun, 02/21/2021 - 09:35
Baseline populaiton distribution in 2007

The Kersa catchment is attached to the Kersa HDSS, which was established in 12 sub-districts of Kersa district, Eastern Hararghe, Oromia Region, Ethiopia. The site is principally rural with three small towns (Kersa,  Weter and Langhe). The baseline census was conducted in 2007 and since then has been updated every six months, with registration of demographic and health events. At the baseline a total of 10,085 houses, 10,522 households and 50,830 people were registered in 12 kebeles. The sex ratio and number of persons per household was 1.0 and 5.1, respectively. However, the number of kebeles in Kersa HDSS increased from 12 to 24 since 2015. At the end of 2015 the population was 116,325. Until the end of 2015, 217,819 births and 4,475 deaths were registered, respectively. Over 85% of births and deaths occurred at home. The annual net population growth ranges from -0,1 to 1.6. Meanwhile, the population growth rate ranged 1.63 to 2.94. The majority of the population in Kersa is not working; hence the dependency ratio in most of the years is below 1 which ranged from 0.88 to 0.98. The young population dependency ration is the highest (0.88) as compared with the old dependency ratio (0.05). The Total Fertility Rate ranges from 3.5 to 5.3. A reduction in neonatal, infant and under five mortality was observed. For all deaths, verbal autopsies were done. Infectious disease such as diarrhea diseases, and respiratory tract infections are the leading cause of death among adults while malnutrition is the leading cause of death among children under five years.

Population of Kersa Catchment area

Period

Male

Female

Total

Under5Age

Birth

Death

Females

(15-49)

2007

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2008

 25,528

 25,144

 50,672

 9,475

1,616

568

 11,119

2009

 26,206

 25,747

 51,952

 9,167

1,795

486

 11,499

2010

 27,258

 26,720

 53,978

 9,046

2,009

559

 12,022

2011

 29,015

 28,473

 57,488

 8,859

1,578

657

 13,124

2012

 29,492

 28,954

 58,447

 8,265

1,811

562

 13,413

2013

 30,282

 29,656

 59,938

 8,384

2,340

506

 13,918

2014

 31,257

 30,575

 61,833

 9,064

2,229

526

 14,415

2015

 50,083

 48,849

 98,932

 15,473

3,121

822

 22,533

2016

 65,899

 64,210

 130,109

 19,935

3,848

844

 29,424

2017

 66,996

 65,080

 132,076

 19,953

4,487

743

 30,071

2018

 68,376

 65,980

 134,356

 20,235

4,502

800

 29,938

2019

 69,659

 66,991

 136,650

 19,931

3,465

810

 30,989

 

The images below depicts farm production in Kersa aeas

Wheat and barley, the dominant crops for food production around Tolla and GolaBelina Kebeles
Wheat and barley, the dominant crops for food production around Tolla and GolaBelina Kebeles
Vegetables are also common production around highland areas, here the farmers are working in garlic farm.
Vegetables are also common production around highland areas, here the farmers are working in garlic farm.
Khat is the main crop produced for cash in many of the mid-land and low land areas of the study site.
Khat is the main crop produced for cash in many of the mid-land and low land areas of the study site.
D.  Sorghum, the dominant crop for food production in many of the mid land and low land areas of the study site
Sorghum, the dominant crop for food production in many of the mid land and low land areas of the study site