Research Sites

Haramaya Catchment Area

Submitted by bjibendi on Mon, 03/08/2021 - 13:20
Baseline population pyramid of Haramaya HDSS

Haramaya Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) was established in Haramaya district located in the East Hararghe, Oromia, Eastern Ethiopia. It includes 12 kebeles (sub-districts) in the district. Most of these kebeles are midland ranging in an altitude of 1600-2100 meters above sea level. The area has 6 health centres and 12 health posts. A baseline enumeration of the site was done in 2018 and first-round event registration started in January 2019. At the bassline, the total number of households in the HDSS is 17461 and the total population was 99,898, with 23.86% of them were women of reproductive age. The young dependency ratio is 98.9, while the old dependency ratio is 2.64. The main means of livelihood in the area is farming. The HDSS site has a great opportunity of associating with Kersa HDSS, its location close to Haramaya University. 

Population of Haramaya Catchment Area

Site

 

Male

Female

Total

Under5Age

Birth

Death

Females

(15-49)

Haramaya

2019

 52,194

 49,445

 101,639

 14,771

 2,884

 441

 23,583

 

Haramaya HDSS Catchment Kebeles

 

Haramaya HDSS Catchment Kebeles
Haramaya HDSS Catchment Kebeles

 

Kersa Catchment Area

Submitted by bjibendi on Sun, 02/21/2021 - 09:35
Baseline populaiton distribution in 2007

The Kersa catchment is attached to the Kersa HDSS, which was established in 12 sub-districts of Kersa district, Eastern Hararghe, Oromia Region, Ethiopia. The site is principally rural with three small towns (Kersa,  Weter and Langhe). The baseline census was conducted in 2007 and since then has been updated every six months, with registration of demographic and health events. At the baseline a total of 10,085 houses, 10,522 households and 50,830 people were registered in 12 kebeles. The sex ratio and number of persons per household was 1.0 and 5.1, respectively. However, the number of kebeles in Kersa HDSS increased from 12 to 24 since 2015. At the end of 2015 the population was 116,325. Until the end of 2015, 217,819 births and 4,475 deaths were registered, respectively. Over 85% of births and deaths occurred at home. The annual net population growth ranges from -0,1 to 1.6. Meanwhile, the population growth rate ranged 1.63 to 2.94. The majority of the population in Kersa is not working; hence the dependency ratio in most of the years is below 1 which ranged from 0.88 to 0.98. The young population dependency ration is the highest (0.88) as compared with the old dependency ratio (0.05). The Total Fertility Rate ranges from 3.5 to 5.3. A reduction in neonatal, infant and under five mortality was observed. For all deaths, verbal autopsies were done. Infectious disease such as diarrhea diseases, and respiratory tract infections are the leading cause of death among adults while malnutrition is the leading cause of death among children under five years.

Population of Kersa Catchment area

Period

Male

Female

Total

Under5Age

Birth

Death

Females

(15-49)

2007

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2008

 25,528

 25,144

 50,672

 9,475

1,616

568

 11,119

2009

 26,206

 25,747

 51,952

 9,167

1,795

486

 11,499

2010

 27,258

 26,720

 53,978

 9,046

2,009

559

 12,022

2011

 29,015

 28,473

 57,488

 8,859

1,578

657

 13,124

2012

 29,492

 28,954

 58,447

 8,265

1,811

562

 13,413

2013

 30,282

 29,656

 59,938

 8,384

2,340

506

 13,918

2014

 31,257

 30,575

 61,833

 9,064

2,229

526

 14,415

2015

 50,083

 48,849

 98,932

 15,473

3,121

822

 22,533

2016

 65,899

 64,210

 130,109

 19,935

3,848

844

 29,424

2017

 66,996

 65,080

 132,076

 19,953

4,487

743

 30,071

2018

 68,376

 65,980

 134,356

 20,235

4,502

800

 29,938

2019

 69,659

 66,991

 136,650

 19,931

3,465

810

 30,989

 

The images below depicts farm production in Kersa aeas

Wheat and barley, the dominant crops for food production around Tolla and GolaBelina Kebeles
Wheat and barley, the dominant crops for food production around Tolla and GolaBelina Kebeles
Vegetables are also common production around highland areas, here the farmers are working in garlic farm.
Vegetables are also common production around highland areas, here the farmers are working in garlic farm.
Khat is the main crop produced for cash in many of the mid-land and low land areas of the study site.
Khat is the main crop produced for cash in many of the mid-land and low land areas of the study site.
D.  Sorghum, the dominant crop for food production in many of the mid land and low land areas of the study site
Sorghum, the dominant crop for food production in many of the mid land and low land areas of the study site


 

 

 

 

Harar CHAMPS Catchment Area

Submitted by bjibendi on Sun, 02/21/2021 - 09:13
Population distribution of Harar, 2013.

The Harar CHAMPS catchment is attached to the Harar Urban HDSS, which was established in 6 sub-districts among 19 urban sub-districts of in the city of Harar, Harari People National Regional State, Ethiopia in July 2011. Later addition six Kebeles were added in 2015 to make the total catchment Kebeles to be 12. A baseline population and housing census that covered the selected six kebeles was conducted in September 2012, and follow up of the demographic and health related events started soon after the census. The total population of Harar urban DSS site at the baseline was 32,437 residents. Of these, 15,579(48%) were males, and the remaining 16,858(52%) were females. Women of child bearing age account for 10,069 (31%) of the total population. The finding indicates an overall sex ratio of 92.4% males per 100 females.  In general, the age structure of the Harar urban DSS population indicates the presence of high dependency ratio (the ratio between non-working and working population) (49.1%).  Almost half (50%) of the population in Harar urban DSS were dependent over the working group (aged 15-64 years). In the meantime, young population dependency ratio was 0.46, and old dependency ratio was 0.07. The Total Fertility Rate ranges from 1.29 to 3.49. Neonatal, post neonatal, infant and under five mortality rates were observed below 10 per 1000 population.

Population of Harar Catchment Area

Year

Male

Female

Total

Under5Age

Birth

Death

Females

(15-49)

2012

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2013

 14,835

 16,225

 31,060

 2,981

633

149

 18,299

2014

 15,004

 16,531

 31,536

 3,067

577

148

 18,506

2015

 20,487

 22,740

 43,228

 4,301

784

213

 25,146

2016

 27,848

 30,815

 58,664

 5,718

934

259

 33,794

2017

 27,468

 30,427

 57,896

 5,325

871

307

 33,299

2018

 27,350

 30,228

 57,579

 5,170

837

275

 33,241

2019

 27,493

 30,455

 57,948

 5,000

665

308

 33,958

 

Pictures 1-4 depicting Harar’s cultural heritages and tourist attractions

a.	The main gate known as ‘Duk ber’ is one of the five gates which leads to the walled city ‘Harar Jugol’.
The main gate known as ‘Duk ber’ is one of the five gates which leads to the walled city ‘Harar Jugol’.
A tourist attraction site where a tourist is feeding friendly hyenas.
A tourist attraction site where a tourist is feeding friendly hyenas.
b.	Typical interior of a cultural Harari guest house found inside Harar Jugol.
Typical interior of a cultural Harari guest house found inside Harar Jugol.
Refurbished 100 years old mansion locally known as ‘Rambo’s house’ and it is said a renowned French poet Arthur Rimbaud once lived inside this house.
Refurbished 100 years old mansion locally known as ‘Rambo’s house’ and it is said a renowned French poet Arthur Rimbaud once lived inside this house.